Energy Efficiency in Schools

Ref.: XVII/4.1031/Z/96-009


Engº Paulo José Limão Gata Amaral

Grupo de investigação (INESC):

A. Gomes Martins

Pedro Marques

António Almeida

Breve descrição

The main methodology components, namely concerning the national participation in the project, are:
1. Perform an energy diagnostic of a set of 18 school buildings at the centre region of Portugal, that have been chosen to be representative of the school building types available in this region. This diagnostic study involves two types of procedures:
a)collection of data available on each school, namely on the building and equipment characteristics, on energy consumption, on the building population and habits, etc.
b) detailed energy audit of a limited number of schools, gathering data on energy consumption, on energy consumption patterns with recording instruments, on environmental variables with data loggers, etc.
This analysis will lead to the assessment of several indices which will allow a comparative evaluation of the school buildings performance and possibly some extrapolation of results, according to the fact that the sample is representative of the universe of the buildings in the region.
2: The former analysis needs the development of specific tools, namely of software for data processing, which is one of the project tasks. The requirements analysis has followed the standard procedures for this type of activity.
3: One of the school buildings will be used for a pilot experiment on the use of efficient lighting technologies and automatic control based on daylight avaliability, as it is known that daylight is almost not accounted for in everyday building users behaviour. A small control system designed to be built with OEM components will be installed in a certain number of rooms. These and an equivalent set will be monitored for a certain number of weeks, the second group being used as the control group for evaluating results.
4: The project also contains a dissemination phase that will consist of workshops with building users and, separately, with engineers in charge of design and maintenance of school buildings.